Language extinction is not a new phenomenon. Languages have been going extinct throughout history. Many of them disappeared without leaving any trace. There are many that we would have never heard about. Languages of particular nations start to disappear when the number of native speakers plummets, often because they prefer to switch to a more dominant language in their region.
Many countries have dead languages and this is due to non-existence of its native speakers. Some of them would include:
- Aka-Bo- Aka-Bo is a language that is also commonly known as the Bo language. It is an extinct Great Andamanese language. This language was spoken mainly on the west central coast of North Andaman and on North Reef Island of the Andaman Islands in India. It got extinct in January 2010.
- Unami- Unami is an Algonquian language which is spoken by Lenape people in what was then the lower Hudson Valley area and in New York Harbor area, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delawar. It was later spoken in Ontario and Oklahoma as well. This language became extinct due to the death of the fluent native speaker Edward Thompson.
- Eyak- Eyakis another addition to the extinct language list. It was originally spoken near the mouth of the copper river in Alaska. It has now become a symbol in the fight against language death. It is the first known native Alaskan language to become extinct. Translation services in Bangalore, India provide translation in more than 100 languages.
- Nootka- Nootka also known as Nuu-Chah-Nulth is a southern Wakashan language that is spoken by about 150-200 people on the Northwest coast of British Columbia in Canada. This Southern Wakashan language has an Anglicised version called as Nu-Chah-Nulth. It is the first language of the Pacific Northwest Coast to have documentary written materials describing it.
- Klallam-The Klallam language has been in existence since the time immemorial been spoken on the north shore of Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. It was a Straits Salishan language that is traditionally spoken by people at Becher Bay on Vancouver Island in British Columbia.
- Scots- Scots is another language that has become extinct. This west Germanic language is closely related to English and spoken by about 1.5 million people in Scotland, and also Northern Ireland, where it is known as Ulster Scots or Ullans. It was originally known as Inglisand is influenced by Gaelic, Norse, Latin, Dutch, Norman French, Standard French and English.
- Muruwari- Muruwari Language belongs to the Maric languages in the PamaNgungan Family of Australian Aboriginal languages that extends from the Kimberley’s (WA), to New South Wales, Queensland, and to north-eastern Arnhem Land. Muruwari language has only 18 consonants and six vowels.
- Arikem- Arikem is an extinct Tupian language of the state of Rondônia, in the Amazon region of Brazil.
- Dura- Dura is one of over 120 languages spoken in Nepal, but due to a “one-nation, one-language” policy that is been instituted by the Shah dynasty, up to 96% of these are threatened with extinction.
- Javindo- also known by the pejorative name Krontjong, was a Dutch-based creole language spoken on Java, Indonesia. This language initially developed from communication between Javanese speaking mothers and Dutch speaking fathers in Indo families. Its main speakers were Indo Eurasian people.
There are many factors that can lead to language shift. The dominant languages often replace the classical languages. This has become a natural response to the situation where a language is having dominance. There are several translation services in Bangalore, India that provide good services at affordable rates.